Keep Your Greek (132)

Greetings
Thank you for taking the time to read these posts. There is a lot of information below to help you keep chipping away at your Greek. Use whatever you need, when you need it.


Memorising Philemon
Week 9 of 25 (verse 9 & verses 1–9)
See notes below the text for basic instructions on the memorisation process
ΠΡΟΣ ΦΙΛΗΜΟΝΑ
1 Παῦλος δέσμιος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ Τιμόθεος ὁ ἀδελφὸς Φιλήμονι τῷ ἀγαπητῷ καὶ συνεργῷ ἡμῶν 2 καὶ Ἀπφίᾳ τῇ ἀδελφῇ καὶ Ἀρχίππῳ τῷ συστρατιώτῃ ἡμῶν καὶ τῇ κατʼ οἶκόν σου ἐκκλησίᾳ, 3 χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ. 4 Εὐχαριστῶ τῷ θεῷ μου πάντοτε μνείαν σου ποιούμενος ἐπὶ τῶν προσευχῶν μου, 5 ἀκούων σου τὴν ἀγάπην καὶ τὴν πίστιν, ἣν ἔχεις πρὸς τὸν κύριον Ἰησοῦν καὶ εἰς πάντας τοὺς ἁγίους, 6 ὅπως ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου ἐνεργὴς γένηται ἐν ἐπιγνώσει παντὸς ἀγαθοῦ τοῦ ἐν ἡμῖν εἰς Χριστόν . 7 χαρὰν γὰρ πολλὴν ἔσχον καὶ παράκλησιν ἐπὶ τῇ ἀγάπῃ σου, ὅτι τὰ σπλάγχνα τῶν ἁγίων ἀναπέπαυται διὰ σοῦ, ἀδελφέ. 8 Διὸ πολλὴν ἐν Χριστῷ παρρησίαν ἔχων ἐπιτάσσειν σοι τὸ ἀνῆκον 9 διὰ τὴν ἀγάπην μᾶλλον παρακαλῶ, τοιοῦτος ὢν ὡς Παῦλος πρεσβύτης νυνὶ δὲ καὶ δέσμιος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ· 10 παρακαλῶ σε περὶ τοῦ ἐμοῦ τέκνου, ὃν ἐγέννησα ἐν τοῖς δεσμοῖς , Ὀνήσιμον, 11 τόν ποτέ σοι ἄχρηστον νυνὶ δὲ [καὶ] σοὶ καὶ ἐμοὶ εὔχρηστον, 12 ὃν ἀνέπεμψά σοι, αὐτόν, τοῦτʼ ἔστιν τὰ ἐμὰ σπλάγχνα· 13 ὃν ἐγὼ ἐβουλόμην πρὸς ἐμαυτὸν κατέχειν, ἵνα ὑπὲρ σοῦ μοι διακονῇ ἐν τοῖς δεσμοῖς τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, 14 χωρὶς δὲ τῆς σῆς γνώμης οὐδὲν ἠθέλησα ποιῆσαι, ἵνα μὴ ὡς κατὰ ἀνάγκην τὸ ἀγαθόν σου ᾖ ἀλλὰ κατὰ ἑκούσιον. 15 Τάχα γὰρ διὰ τοῦτο ἐχωρίσθη πρὸς ὥραν, ἵνα αἰώνιον αὐτὸν ἀπέχῃς, 16 οὐκέτι ὡς δοῦλον ἀλλʼ ὑπὲρ δοῦλον, ἀδελφὸν ἀγαπητόν, μάλιστα ἐμοί, πόσῳ δὲ μᾶλλον σοὶ καὶ ἐν σαρκὶ καὶ ἐν κυρίῳ. 17 εἰ οὖν με ἔχεις κοινωνόν, προσλαβοῦ αὐτὸν ὡς ἐμέ. 18 εἰ δέ τι ἠδίκησέν σε ἢ ὀφείλει, τοῦτο ἐμοὶ ἐλλόγα. 19 ἐγὼ Παῦλος ἔγραψα τῇ ἐμῇ χειρί, ἐγὼ ἀποτίσω· ἵνα μὴ λέγω σοι ὅτι καὶ σεαυτόν μοι προσοφείλεις. 20 ναὶ ἀδελφέ, ἐγώ σου ὀναίμην ἐν κυρίῳ· ἀνάπαυσόν μου τὰ σπλάγχνα ἐν Χριστῷ. 21 Πεποιθὼς τῇ ὑπακοῇ σου ἔγραψά σοι, εἰδὼς ὅτι καὶ ὑπὲρ ἃ λέγω ποιήσεις. 22 ἅμα δὲ καὶ ἑτοίμαζέ μοι ξενίαν· ἐλπίζω γὰρ ὅτι διὰ τῶν προσευχῶν ὑμῶν χαρισθήσομαι ὑμῖν. 23 Ἀσπάζεταί σε Ἐπαφρᾶς ὁ συναιχμάλωτός μου ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, 24 Μᾶρκος, Ἀρίσταρχος, Δημᾶς, Λουκᾶς, οἱ συνεργοί μου. 25 Ἡ χάρις τοῦ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ μετὰ τοῦ πνεύματος ὑμῶν.


Basic Memorisation Process
As per the example below. The preceding grey emboldened verse(s) will be the ones to retain, the emboldened verse will be the week’s memory verse and the grey italicised verses, the ones yet to memorise:

1 Παῦλος δέσμιος Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ Τιμόθεος ὁ ἀδελφὸς Φιλήμονι τῷ ἀγαπητῷ καὶ συνεργῷ ἡμῶν 2 καὶ Ἀπφίᾳ τῇ ἀδελφῇ καὶ Ἀρχίππῳ τῷ συστρατιώτῃ ἡμῶν καὶ τῇ κατʼ οἶκόν σου ἐκκλησίᾳ, 3 χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν καὶ κυρίου Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ…

Recite each memory verse 10 times each day (in Greek and English if you choose to), then the previous verses learnt. Repeat this process each week, adding the new verse while retaining the previous verses until complete.

Andrew Davis’s Memorisation Method
Have you ever tried to memorise scripture? Have you admired people who have committed larger portions or even whole books to memory? I recently read the following article: Skip the verse, Memorize the Book where the author interviews Andrew Davis, senior pastor at First Baptist Church in Durham, North Carolina. Davis has committed 35 books of the bible to memory during the course of his ministry. I read his short book: An Approach to Extended Memorization of Scripture (PDF) where he details his process and thought that it would be a terrific idea to try and commit a short book memory. The book I’ve chosen is Philemon. I will adopt his process but will extend it out to one verse per week, instead of one per day (See Davis’s book for full details).


Background information on Paul’s letter of Philemon
ESV Introduction to Philemon
Philemon is about reconciliation and relationships between Christians. Onesimus (which means “useful”) was a slave of a believer named Philemon in Colossae. Apparently Onesimus had stolen from Philemon and fled. At some time while Paul was under arrest, Onesimus met him and became a Christian. Paul apparently wrote this letter at the same time as Colossians and gave it to Onesimus to carry back to Philemon (see Col. 4:9). Paul appealed to Philemon to accept Onesimus back into his household, but as a brother in the Lord rather than a slave. In Paul’s estimation, Onesimus was far more “useful” (v. 11) now that he was a Christian. Paul even promised to pay whatever debt Onesimus might owe Philemon.


Greek Reading and Translation
In this section you can move sequentially through Matthew’s Gospel, reciting and translating ten verses over the coming week.  (To assist with your translation work you can use the Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)

Excel: (132) Matthew 12.16–25
PDF: (132) Matthew 12.16–25

Matthew 12:16–25 (NA28) — 16 καὶ ἐπετίμησεν αὐτοῖς ἵνα μὴ φανερὸν αὐτὸν ποιήσωσιν, 17 ἵνα πληρωθῇ τὸ ῥηθὲν διὰ ʼΗσαΐου τοῦ προφήτου λέγοντος· 18 ἰδοὺ ὁ παῖς μου ὃν ᾑρέτισα, ὁ ἀγαπητός μου εἰς ὃν εὐδόκησεν ἡ ψυχή μου· θήσω τὸ πνεῦμά μου ἐπʼ αὐτόν, καὶ κρίσιν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν ἀπαγγελεῖ. 19 οὐκ ἐρίσει οὐδὲ κραυγάσει, οὐδὲ ἀκούσει τις ἐν ταῖς πλατείαις τὴν φωνὴν αὐτοῦ. 20 κάλαμον συντετριμμένον οὐ κατεάξει καὶ λίνον τυφόμενον οὐ σβέσει, ἕως ἂν ἐκβάλῃ εἰς νῖκος τὴν κρίσιν . 21 καὶ τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ ἔθνη ἐλπιοῦσιν. 22 Τότε προσηνέχθη αὐτῷ δαιμονιζόμενος τυφλὸς καὶ κωφός, καὶ ἐθεράπευσεν αὐτόν, ὥστε τὸν κωφὸν λαλεῖν καὶ βλέπειν. 23 καὶ ἐξίσταντο πάντες οἱ ὄχλοι καὶ ἔλεγον· μήτι οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ υἱὸς Δαυίδ; 24 οἱ δὲ Φαρισαῖοι ἀκούσαντες εἶπον· οὗτος οὐκ ἐκβάλλει τὰ δαιμόνια εἰ μὴ ἐν τῷ Βεελζεβοὺλ ἄρχοντι τῶν δαιμονίων. 25 Εἰδὼς δὲ τὰς ἐνθυμήσεις αὐτῶν εἶπεν αὐτοῖς· πᾶσα βασιλεία μερισθεῖσα καθʼ ἑαυτῆς ἐρημοῦται καὶ πᾶσα πόλις ἢ οἰκία μερισθεῖσα καθʼ ἑαυτῆς οὐ σταθήσεται.

Matthew 12:16–25 (ESV) — 16 and ordered them not to make him known. 17 This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: 18 “Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. I will put my Spirit upon him, and he will proclaim justice to the Gentiles. 19 He will not quarrel or cry aloud, nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets; 20 a bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not quench, until he brings justice to victory; 21 and in his name the Gentiles will hope.” 22 Then a demon-oppressed man who was blind and mute was brought to him, and he healed him, so that the man spoke and saw. 23 And all the people were amazed, and said, “Can this be the Son of David?” 24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, “It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.” 25 Knowing their thoughts, he said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand.


Keep Your Greek Fit:
Below you can keep your Greek fit by testing yourself on foundational aspects of the language.
Recite the Greek Alphabet.
greekalphabet

Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-40-20-am

Write out or recite the following select Prepositions with their casesscreen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-42-06-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Person, Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-24-47-pm

Write out or recite the paradigm for the verb I am.screen-shot-2016-10-16-at-7-31-05-pm

Conjunctions and Particles by Frequency
You can also test your knowledge using the Quizlet set Conjunctions and Particles
screen-shot-2016-10-30-at-7-25-41-pm


Paradigms:
1) Write out or recite the 1st singular verbs of λυω – to loose, in the: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative and Infinitive moods
2) Write out or recite the Nominative Masculine Participles of λυω – to loose

Note: The idea of remembering the 1st singular verbs and Nominative Masculine Participles is that often if you can remember these then reciting the remaining conjugates and declensions should be relatively straightforward, particularly if you have put the time in previously to retain them. If you would like to check the full paradigms now then take a look at the Paradigms PDF


Grammar
To keep your grammar fresh, you might like to skim read through a chapter of your first Greek grammar each week  (or one you are familiar with). If you would like a free online resource then you could work your way through Robert W. Funk’s grammar: A Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek


Keep Your Greek (132) Quiz answers
Continue reading.


Answers to Keep Your Greek (132)
Foundational Koine Greek Exercises:
Recite the Greek Alphabet.
greekalphabet

Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-03-16-am

Write out or recite the following selected Prepositions with their cases
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-36-28-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-22-38-pm

Write out or recite the paradigm for the verb I am.
screen-shot-2016-10-16-at-7-29-54-pm

Conjunctions and Particles by Frequency
You can also test your knowledge using the Quizlet set Conjunctions and Particles
screen-shot-2016-10-30-at-7-14-25-pm


Paradigm Exercises:
1) Write out or recite the 1st singular verbs of λυω – to loose, in the: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative and Infinitive moods
2) Write out or recite the Nominative Masculine Participles of λυω – to loose

Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα,(ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι
Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω
Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι
Infinitive (Mood) – Verbal noun (no conjugates)
λυειν, λυεσθαι, λυσαι, λυσασθαι, λελυκεναι, λελυσθαι, λυθηναι

Participles (Mood) – Verbal adjective
Present Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυων, λυουσα, λυον
[2 1a 2] (MP) λυομενος, λυομενη, λυομενον
1st Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν
[2 1a 2] (M) λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον
[3 1c 3] (P) λυθεις, λυθεισα, λυθεν
2nd Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον
[2 1a 2] (M) βαλομενος, βαλομενη, βαλομενον
[3 1c 3] (P) βληθεις, βληθεισα, βληθεν
Perfect Participles
[3 1b 3] (A) λελυκως, λελυκυια, λελυκος
[2 1a 2] (MP) λελυμενος, λελυμενη, λελυμενον

Notes: The [3 1c 3] key is how they decline i.e., 3rd declension, 1st declension, 3rd declension. The 1st declension follows the standard grammatical pattern. (1a) Consonant stem ending in η as in γραφη. (1b) Vowel or ρ ending in α as in αληφεια. (1c) Consonant stem in α as in δοξα.

Use the Paradigms PDF to check the full paradigms

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