Keep Your Greek (113)

“Someone recently told me they were going to go work on Greek an hour every day. It won’t happen! You won’t do it. Start at 5-10 minutes, and you will certainly do it, and that can grow. Start with a habit that is realistic. I’m going to give an inspirational word next: Aim low. Set realistic goals. Why do I keep my “Daily Dose of Greek” at two minutes? Because research shows people stop watching videos at 90 seconds.” 
—Robert L. Plummer, GREEKONOMICS: How to set goals, manage your time, and grow your Greek.

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for γραφω—to write
(#11–Used 191 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)

Excel: (113) Matthew 6.33–7.8
PDF: (113) Matthew 6.33–7.8

Matthew 6:33–7:8 (NA28) — 33 ζητεῖτε δὲ πρῶτον τὴν βασιλείαν [τοῦ θεοῦ] καὶ τὴν δικαιοσύνην αὐτοῦ, καὶ ταῦτα πάντα προστεθήσεται ὑμῖν. 34 Μὴ οὖν μεριμνήσητε εἰς τὴν αὔριον, ἡ γὰρ αὔριον μεριμνήσει ἑαυτῆς· ἀρκετὸν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἡ κακία αὐτῆς. 1 Μὴ κρίνετε, ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε· 2 ἐν ᾧ γὰρ κρίματι κρίνετε κριθήσεσθε, καὶ ἐν ᾧ μέτρῳ μετρεῖτε μετρηθήσεται ὑμῖν. 3 Τί δὲ βλέπεις τὸ κάρφος τὸ ἐν τῷ ὀφθαλμῷ τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ σου, τὴν δὲ ἐν τῷ σῷ ὀφθαλμῷ δοκὸν οὐ κατανοεῖς; 4 ἢ πῶς ἐρεῖς τῷ ἀδελφῷ σου· ἄφες ἐκβάλω τὸ κάρφος ἐκ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ σου, καὶ ἰδοὺ ἡ δοκὸς ἐν τῷ ὀφθαλμῷ σοῦ; 5 ὑποκριτά, ἔκβαλε πρῶτον ἐκ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ σοῦ τὴν δοκόν, καὶ τότε διαβλέψεις ἐκβαλεῖν τὸ κάρφος ἐκ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ σου. 6 Μὴ δῶτε τὸ ἅγιον τοῖς κυσὶν μηδὲ βάλητε τοὺς μαργαρίτας ὑμῶν ἔμπροσθεν τῶν χοίρων, μήποτε καταπατήσουσιν αὐτοὺς ἐν τοῖς ποσὶν αὐτῶν καὶ στραφέντες ῥήξωσιν ὑμᾶς. 7 Αἰτεῖτε καὶ δοθήσεται ὑμῖν, ζητεῖτε καὶ εὑρήσετε, κρούετε καὶ ἀνοιγήσεται ὑμῖν· 8 πᾶς γὰρ ὁ αἰτῶν λαμβάνει καὶ ὁ ζητῶν εὑρίσκει καὶ τῷ κρούοντι ἀνοιγήσεται.

Matthew 6:33–7:8 (ESV) — 33 But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you. 34 “Therefore do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be anxious for itself. Sufficient for the day is its own trouble. 1 “Judge not, that you be not judged. 2 For with the judgment you pronounce you will be judged, and with the measure you use it will be measured to you. 3 Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? 4 Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when there is the log in your own eye? 5 You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye. 6 “Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you. 7 “Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.


Keep Your Greek Fit:
(Exercises related to the basic building blocks of Koine Greek)
Recite the Greek Alphabet.
greekalphabet

Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-40-20-am

Write out or recite the following select Prepositions with their casesscreen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-42-06-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Person, Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-24-47-pm

Write out or recite the paradigm for the verb I am.screen-shot-2016-10-16-at-7-31-05-pm

Conjunctions and Particles by Frequency
You can also test your knowledge using the Quizlet set Conjunctions and Particles
screen-shot-2016-10-30-at-7-25-41-pm


Paradigms:
1) Write out or recite the 1st singular verbs of λυω – to loose, in the: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative and Infinitive moods
2) Write out or recite the Nominative Masculine Participles of λυω – to loose

Note: The idea of remembering the 1st singular verbs and Nominative Masculine Participles is that often if you can remember these then reciting the remaining conjugates and declensions should be relatively straightforward, particularly if you have put the time in previously to retain them. If you would like to check the full paradigms now then take a look at the Paradigms PDF


Grammar
A Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek grammar, one you are familiar with or you could work your way through Robert W. Funk’s grammar (See above link).


Keep Your Greek (113)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.


Answers to Keep Your Greek (113)

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for γραφω—to write
(#11–Used 191 times in NT)
(Present Active) γραφω
(Future Active) γραψω
(Aorist Active) ἐγραψα
(Perfect Active) γεγραφα
(Perfect Passive) γεγραμμαι
(Aorist Passive) ἐγραφην


Foundational Koine Greek Exercises:
(Exercises related to the basic building blocks of Koine Greek)
Recite the Greek Alphabet.
greekalphabet

Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-03-16-am

Write out or recite the following selected Prepositions with their cases
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-36-28-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-22-38-pm

Write out or recite the paradigm for the verb I am.
screen-shot-2016-10-16-at-7-29-54-pm

Conjunctions and Particles by Frequency
You can also test your knowledge using the Quizlet set Conjunctions and Particles
screen-shot-2016-10-30-at-7-14-25-pm


Paradigm Exercises:
1) Write out or recite the 1st singular verbs of λυω – to loose, in the: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative and Infinitive moods
2) Write out or recite the Nominative Masculine Participles of λυω – to loose

Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα,(ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι
Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω
Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι
Infinitive (Mood) – Verbal noun (no conjugates)
λυειν, λυεσθαι, λυσαι, λυσασθαι, λελυκεναι, λελυσθαι, λυθηναι

Participles (Mood) – Verbal adjective
Present Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυων, λυουσα, λυον
[2 1a 2] (MP) λυομενος, λυομενη, λυομενον
1st Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν
[2 1a 2] (M) λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον
[3 1c 3] (P) λυθεις, λυθεισα, λυθεν
2nd Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον
[2 1a 2] (M) βαλομενος, βαλομενη, βαλομενον
[3 1c 3] (P) βληθεις, βληθεισα, βληθεν
Perfect Participles
[3 1b 3] (A) λελυκως, λελυκυια, λελυκος
[2 1a 2] (MP) λελυμενος, λελυμενη, λελυμενον

Notes: The [3 1c 3] key is how they decline i.e., 3rd declension, 1st declension, 3rd declension. The 1st declension follows the standard grammatical pattern. (1a) Consonant stem ending in η as in γραφη. (1b) Vowel or ρ ending in α as in αληφεια. (1c) Consonant stem in α as in δοξα.

screen-shot-2016-11-07-at-1-13-09-pm

Use the Paradigms PDF to check the full paradigms

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