Keep Your Greek (90)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-40-20-am

Write out or recite the following Prepositions with their casesscreen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-42-06-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Person, Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-24-47-pm

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Indicative of λυω – to loose
Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Subjunctive of λυω – to loose
Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Imperative of λυω – to loose
Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the Infinitive paradigm of λυω – to loose
Infinitive (Mood) – Is a verbal noun (no conjugates)
(Present Active)
(Present Middle/Passive)
(Aorist Active)
(Aorist Middle)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Middle/Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Write out or recite the 2nd Aorist, Active, Participle of λυω – to loose
Participles (Mood) – Is a verbal adjective
(Memory Key: [3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον) screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-9-04-23-pm

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for βαλλω—to throw
(#18–Used 122 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)

Excel: (90) John 19:39-20:6
PDF: (90) John 19:39-20:6

(John 19:39 – 20:6 NA28)
39 ἦλθεν δὲ καὶ Νικόδημος, ὁ ἐλθὼν πρὸς αὐτὸν νυκτὸς τὸ πρῶτον, φέρων μίγμα σμύρνης καὶ ἀλόης ὡς λίτρας ἑκατόν. 40 ἔλαβον οὖν τὸ σῶμα τοῦ Ἰησοῦ καὶ ἔδησαν αὐτὸ ὀθονίοις μετὰ τῶν ἀρωμάτων, καθὼς ἔθος ἐστὶν τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις ἐνταφιάζειν. 41 ἦν δὲ ἐν τῷ τόπῳ ὅπου ἐσταυρώθη κῆπος, καὶ ἐν τῷ κήπῳ μνημεῖον καινὸν ἐν ᾧ οὐδέπω οὐδεὶς ἦν τεθειμένος· 42 ἐκεῖ οὖν διὰ τὴν παρασκευὴν τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ὅτι ἐγγὺς ἦν τὸ μνημεῖον, ἔθηκαν τὸν Ἰησοῦν. 1 Τῇ δὲ μιᾷ τῶν σαββάτων Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ ἔρχεται πρωῒ σκοτίας ἔτι οὔσης εἰς τὸ μνημεῖον καὶ βλέπει τὸν λίθον ἠρμένον ἐκ τοῦ μνημείου. 2 τρέχει οὖν καὶ ἔρχεται πρὸς Σίμωνα Πέτρον καὶ πρὸς τὸν ἄλλον μαθητὴν ὃν ἐφίλει ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς· ἦραν τὸν κύριον ἐκ τοῦ μνημείου καὶ οὐκ οἴδαμεν ποῦ ἔθηκαν αὐτόν. 3 Ἐξῆλθεν οὖν ὁ Πέτρος καὶ ὁ ἄλλος μαθητὴς καὶ ἤρχοντο εἰς τὸ μνημεῖον. 4 ἔτρεχον δὲ οἱ δύο ὁμοῦ· καὶ ὁ ἄλλος μαθητὴς προέδραμεν τάχιον τοῦ Πέτρου καὶ ἦλθεν πρῶτος εἰς τὸ μνημεῖον, 5 καὶ παρακύψας βλέπει κείμενα τὰ ὀθόνια, οὐ μέντοι εἰσῆλθεν. 6 ἔρχεται οὖν καὶ Σίμων Πέτρος ἀκολουθῶν αὐτῷ καὶ εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸ μνημεῖον, καὶ θεωρεῖ τὰ ὀθόνια κείμενα,

(John 19:39 – 20:6 ESV)
39 Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there. 1 Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 2 So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid him.” 3 So Peter went out with the other disciple, and they were going toward the tomb. 4 Both of them were running together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. 5 And stooping to look in, he saw the linen cloths lying there, but he did not go in. 6 Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb. He saw the linen cloths lying there,

Grammar
A Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek grammar, one you are familiar with or you could work your way through Robert W. Funk’s grammar (See above link).

Keep Your Greek (90)

Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (90)
Paradigms PDF
Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Article.
screen-shot-2016-10-01-at-10-03-16-am

Write out or recite the following Prepositions with their cases
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-36-28-pm

Write out or recite the 1st & 2nd Personal Pronouns
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-8-22-38-pm

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Indicative of λυω – to loose
Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s) λυ ω
(2s) λυ εις
(3s) λυ ει
(1p) λυ ομεν
(2p) λυ ετε
(3p) λυ ουσι(ν)

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Subjunctive of λυω – to loose
Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω
(1s) λυ ω
(2s) λυ ῃς
(3s) λυ ῃ
(1p) λυ ωμεν
(2p) λυ ητε
(3p) λυ ωσι(ν)

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Imperative of λυω – to loose
Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι
(1s)
(2s) λυ ε
(3s) λυ ετω
(1p)
(2p) λυ ετε
(3p) λυ ετωσαν

Write out or recite the Infinitive paradigm of λυω – to loose
Infinitive (Mood) – Is a verbal noun (no conjugates)
(Present Active) λυειν
(Present Middle/Passive) λυεσθαι
(Aorist Active) λυσαι
(Aorist Middle) λυσασθαι
(Perfect Active) λελυκεναι
(Perfect Middle/Passive) λελυσθαι
(Aorist Passive) λυθηναι

Write out or recite the 2nd Aorist, Active, Participle of λυω – to loose
Participles (Mood) – Is a verbal adjective
(Memory Key: [3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον)
screen-shot-2016-10-09-at-9-06-29-pm

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for βαλλω—to throw
(#18–Used 122 times in NT)
(Present Active) βαλλω
(Future Active) βαλω
(Aorist Active) ἐβαλον
(Perfect Active) βεβληκα
(Perfect Passive) βεβλημαι
(Aorist Passive) ἐβληθην


MEMORY KEY
(1st Singular Verbs and Nominative Masculine Participles used as an aid to memorising most of the paradigms)

Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα,(ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι

Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω

Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι

Infinitive (Mood) – Verbal noun (no conjugates)
λυειν, λυεσθαι, λυσαι, λυσασθαι, λελυκεναι, λελυσθαι, λυθηναι

Participles (Mood) – Verbal adjective
Present Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυων, λυουσα, λυον
[2 1a 2] (MP) λυομενος, λυομενη, λυομενον
1st Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν
[2 1a 2] (M) λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον
[3 1c 3] (P) λυθεις, λυθεισα, λυθεν
2nd Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον
[2 1a 2] (M) βαλομενος, βαλομενη, βαλομενον
[3 1c 3] (P) βληθεις, βληθεισα, βληθεν
Perfect Participles
[3 1b 3] (A) λελυκως, λελυκυια, λελυκος
[2 1a 2] (MP) λελυμενος, λελυμενη, λελυμενον

Notes: The [3 1c 3] key is how they decline i.e., 3rd declension, 1st declension, 3rd declension. The 1st declension follows the standard grammatical pattern. (1a) Consonant stem ending in η as in γραφη. (1b) Vowel or ρ ending in α as in αληφεια. (1c) Consonant stem in α as in δοξα.

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