Keep Your Greek (87)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Pluperfect, Middle/Passive, Indicative of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: [2 1a 2] λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον)
(Ns)
(Gs)
(Ds)
(As)
(Np)
(Gp)
(Dp)
(Ap)

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for καλεω—to call
(#15–Used 148 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)

Excel: (87) John 19:9-18
PDF: (87) John 19:9-18

(John 19:9-18 NA28)
9 καὶ εἰσῆλθεν εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον πάλιν καὶ λέγει τῷ Ἰησοῦ· πόθεν εἶ σύ; ὁ δὲ Ἰησοῦς ἀπόκρισιν οὐκ ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ. 10 λέγει οὖν αὐτῷ ὁ Πιλᾶτος· ἐμοὶ οὐ λαλεῖς; οὐκ οἶδας ὅτι ἐξουσίαν ἔχω ἀπολῦσαί σε καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἔχω σταυρῶσαί σε; 11 ἀπεκρίθη [αὐτῷ] Ἰησοῦς· οὐκ εἶχες ἐξουσίαν κατʼ ἐμοῦ οὐδεμίαν εἰ μὴ ἦν δεδομένον σοι ἄνωθεν· διὰ τοῦτο ὁ παραδούς μέ σοι μείζονα ἁμαρτίαν ἔχει. 12 ἐκ τούτου ὁ Πιλᾶτος ἐζήτει ἀπολῦσαι αὐτόν· οἱ δὲ Ἰουδαῖοι ἐκραύγασαν λέγοντες· ἐὰν τοῦτον ἀπολύσῃς, οὐκ εἶ φίλος τοῦ Καίσαρος· πᾶς ὁ βασιλέα ἑαυτὸν ποιῶν ἀντιλέγει τῷ Καίσαρι. 13 ὁ οὖν Πιλᾶτος ἀκούσας τῶν λόγων τούτων ἤγαγεν ἔξω τὸν Ἰησοῦν καὶ ἐκάθισεν ἐπὶ βήματος εἰς τόπον λεγόμενον Λιθόστρωτον, Ἑβραϊστὶ δὲ Γαββαθα. 14 ἦν δὲ παρασκευὴ τοῦ πάσχα, ὥρα ἦν ὡς ἕκτη. καὶ λέγει τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις· ἴδε ὁ βασιλεὺς ὑμῶν. 15 ἐκραύγασαν οὖν ἐκεῖνοι· ἆρον ἆρον, σταύρωσον αὐτόν. * λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Πιλᾶτος· τὸν βασιλέα ὑμῶν σταυρώσω; ἀπεκρίθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς· οὐκ ἔχομεν βασιλέα εἰ μὴ Καίσαρα. 16 Τότε οὖν παρέδωκεν αὐτὸν αὐτοῖς ἵνα σταυρωθῇ. Παρέλαβον οὖν τὸν Ἰησοῦν, 17 καὶ βαστάζων ἑαυτῷ τὸν σταυρὸν ἐξῆλθεν εἰς τὸν λεγόμενον Κρανίου Τόπον, ὃ λέγεται Ἑβραϊστὶ Γολγοθα, 18 ὅπου αὐτὸν ἐσταύρωσαν, καὶ μετʼ αὐτοῦ ἄλλους δύο ἐντεῦθεν καὶ ἐντεῦθεν, μέσον δὲ τὸν Ἰησοῦν.

(John 19:9–18 ESV)
9 He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.”
12 From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” 13 So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” 15 They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” 16 So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.

Grammar
A Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek grammar, one you are familiar with or you could work your way through Robert W. Funk’s grammar (See above link).

Keep Your Greek (87)

Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (87)
Paradigms PDF
Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Pluperfect, Middle/Passive, Indicative of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s) (ἐ)λελυ μην
(2s) (ἐ)λελυ σο
(3s) (ἐ)λελυ το
(1p) (ἐ)λελυ μεθα
(2p) (ἐ)λελυ σθε
(3p) (ἐ)λελυ ντο

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: [2 1a 2] λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον)
(Ns) λυ σαμενη
(Gs) λυ σαμενης
(Ds) λυ σαμενῃ
(As) λυ σαμενην
(Np) λυ σαμεναι
(Gp) λυ σαμενων
(Dp) λυ σαμεναις
(Ap) λυ σαμενας

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for καλεω—to call
(#15–Used 148 times in NT)
(Present Active) καλεω
(Future Active) καλεσω
(Aorist Active) ἐκαλεσα
(Perfect Active) κεκληκα
(Perfect Passive) κεκλημαι
(Aorist Passive) ἐκληθην


MEMORY KEY
(1st Singular Verbs and Nominative Masculine Participles used as an aid to memorising all the paradigms)

Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα,(ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι

Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω

Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι

Infinitive (Mood) – Verbal noun (no conjugates)
λυειν, λυεσθαι, λυσαι, λυσασθαι, λελυκεναι, λελυσθαι, λυθηναι

Participles (Mood) – Verbal adjective
Present Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυων, λυουσα, λυον
[2 1a 2] (MP) λυομενος, λυομενη, λυομενον
1st Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν
[2 1a 2] (M) λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον
[3 1c 3] (P) λυθεις, λυθεισα, λυθεν
2nd Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον
[2 1a 2] (M) βαλομενος, βαλομενη, βαλομενον
[3 1c 3] (P) βληθεις, βληθεισα, βληθεν
Perfect Participles
[3 1b 3] (A) λελυκως, λελυκυια, λελυκος
[2 1a 2] (MP) λελυμενος, λελυμενη, λελυμενον

Notes: The [3 1c 3] key is how they decline i.e., 3rd declension, 1st declension, 3rd declension. The 1st declension follows the standard grammatical pattern. (1a) Consonant stem ending in η as in γραφη. (1b) Vowel or ρ ending in α as in αληφεια. (1c) Consonant stem in α as in δοξα.

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