Keep Your Greek (84)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Perfect, Active, Indicative of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Active, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose (Memory Key: [3 1c 3] λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν)
(Ns)
(Gs)
(Ds)
(As)
(Np)
(Gp)
(Dp)
(Ap)

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for εὑρισκω—to find
(#12–Used 176 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)

Excel: (84) John 18.19-18.28
PDF: (84) John 18.19-18.28

(John 18:19-28 NA28)
19 Ὁ οὖν ἀρχιερεὺς ἠρώτησεν τὸν Ἰησοῦν περὶ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ καὶ περὶ τῆς διδαχῆς αὐτοῦ. 20 ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ Ἰησοῦς· ἐγὼ παρρησίᾳ λελάληκα τῷ κόσμῳ, ἐγὼ πάντοτε ἐδίδαξα ἐν συναγωγῇ καὶ ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ, ὅπου πάντες οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι συνέρχονται, καὶ ἐν κρυπτῷ ἐλάλησα οὐδέν. 21 τί με ἐρωτᾷς; ἐρώτησον τοὺς ἀκηκοότας τί ἐλάλησα αὐτοῖς· ἴδε οὗτοι οἴδασιν ἃ εἶπον ἐγώ. 22 ταῦτα δὲ αὐτοῦ εἰπόντος εἷς παρεστηκὼς τῶν ὑπηρετῶν ἔδωκεν ῥάπισμα τῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰπών· οὕτως ἀποκρίνῃ τῷ ἀρχιερεῖ; 23 ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ Ἰησοῦς· εἰ κακῶς ἐλάλησα, μαρτύρησον περὶ τοῦ κακοῦ· εἰ δὲ καλῶς, τί με δέρεις; 24 ἀπέστειλεν οὖν αὐτὸν ὁ Ἅννας δεδεμένον πρὸς Καϊάφαν τὸν ἀρχιερέα. 25 Ἦν δὲ Σίμων Πέτρος ἑστὼς καὶ θερμαινόμενος. εἶπον οὖν αὐτῷ· μὴ καὶ σὺ ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ εἶ; ἠρνήσατο ἐκεῖνος καὶ εἶπεν· οὐκ εἰμί. 26 λέγει εἷς ἐκ τῶν δούλων τοῦ ἀρχιερέως, συγγενὴς ὢν οὗ ἀπέκοψεν Πέτρος τὸ ὠτίον· οὐκ ἐγώ σε εἶδον ἐν τῷ κήπῳ μετʼ αὐτοῦ; 27 πάλιν οὖν ἠρνήσατο Πέτρος, καὶ εὐθέως ἀλέκτωρ ἐφώνησεν.
28 Ἄγουσιν οὖν τὸν Ἰησοῦν ἀπὸ τοῦ Καϊάφα εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον· ἦν δὲ πρωΐ· * καὶ αὐτοὶ οὐκ εἰσῆλθον εἰς τὸ πραιτώριον, ἵνα μὴ μιανθῶσιν ἀλλὰ φάγωσιν τὸ πάσχα.

(John 18:19-28 ESV)
19 The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together. I have said nothing in secret. 21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said.” 22 When he had said these things, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, “Is that how you answer the high priest?” 23 Jesus answered him, “If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?” 24 Annas then sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest. 25 Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, “You also are not one of his disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” 26 One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Did I not see you in the garden with him?” 27 Peter again denied it, and at once a rooster crowed. 28 Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover.

Grammar
A Beginning-Intermediate Grammar of Hellenistic Greek
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek grammar, one you are familiar with or you could work your way through Robert W. Funk’s grammar (See above link).

Keep Your Greek (84)

Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (84)
Paradigms PDF
Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Perfect, Active, Indicative of λυω – to loose
(Memory Key: λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα, (ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι)
(1s) λε λυ κ α
(2s) λε λυ κ ας
(3s) λε λυ κ εν
(1p) λε λυ κ αμεν
(2p) λε λυ κ ατε
(3p) λε λυ κ ασιν

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Active, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose (Memory Key: [3 1c 3] λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν)
(Ns) λυ σασα
(Gs) λυ σασης
(Ds) λυ σασῃ
(As) λυ σασαν
(Np) λυ σασαι
(Gp) λυ σασων
(Dp) λυ σασαις
(Ap) λυ σασας

Principal Parts – Top 30 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for εὑρισκω—to find
(#12–Used 176 times in NT)
(Present Active) εὑρισκω
(Future Active) εὑρησω
(Aorist Active) εὑρον
(Perfect Active) εὑρηκα
(Perfect Passive) ~
(Aorist Passive) εὑρεθην


MEMORY KEY
(1st Singular Verbs and Nominative Masculine Participles used as an aid to memorising all the paradigms)

Indicative Mood – Affirms the reality of an action
λυω, ἐλυον, λυομαι, ἐλυομην, λυσω, λυσομαι, ἐλυσα, ἐλυσαμην, λελυκα,(ἐ)λελυκειν, λελυμαι, (ἐ)λελυμην, ἐλυθην, λυθησομαι

Subjunctive Mood – Indicates the probability of an action
λυω, λυωμαι, λυσω, λυσωμαι, λυθω

Imperative Mood – Expresses a command for action
λυε, λυου, λυσον, λυσαι, λυθητι

Infinitive (Mood) – Verbal noun (no conjugates)
λυειν, λυεσθαι, λυσαι, λυσασθαι, λελυκεναι, λελυσθαι, λυθηναι

Participles (Mood) – Verbal adjective
Present Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυων, λυουσα, λυον
[2 1a 2] (MP) λυομενος, λυομενη, λυομενον
1st Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) λυσας, λυσασα, λυσαν
[2 1a 2] (M) λυσαμενος, λυσαμενη, λυσαμενον
[3 1c 3] (P) λυθεις, λυθεισα, λυθεν
2nd Aorist Participles
[3 1c 3] (A) βαλων, βαλουσα, βαλον
[2 1a 2] (M) βαλομενος, βαλομενη, βαλομενον
[3 1c 3] (P) βληθεις, βληθεισα, βληθεν
Perfect Participles
[3 1b 3] (A) λελυκως, λελυκυια, λελυκος
[2 1a 2] (MP) λελυμενος, λελυμενη, λελυμενον

Notes: The [3 1c 3] key is how they decline i.e., 3rd declension, 1st declension, 3rd declension. The 1st declension follows the standard grammatical pattern. (1a) Consonant stem ending in η as in γραφη. (1b) Vowel or ρ ending in α as in αληφεια. (1c) Consonant stem in α as in δοξα.

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