Keep Your Greek (45)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Write out or recite the Present, Active, Imperative, of λυω – to loose


Write out or recite the Perfect, Middle/Passive, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
[2 1a 2]

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for γινομαι – to become  (3 – Used 699 times in NT)

(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)
Excel: (45) John 8.34-8.43
PDF: (45) John 8.34-8.43

(John 8:34-43 NA28-Mounce)
34 ἀπεκρίθη αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς · ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ ποιῶν τὴν ἁμαρτίαν δοῦλός ἐστιν τῆς ἁμαρτίας. 35 ὁ δὲ δοῦλος οὐ μένει ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, ὁ υἱὸς μένει εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα. 36 ἐὰν οὖν ὁ υἱὸς ὑμᾶς ἐλευθερώσῃ, ὄντως ἐλεύθεροι ἔσεσθε. 37 Οἶδα ὅτι σπέρμα Ἀβραάμ ἐστε · ἀλλὰ ζητεῖτέ με ἀποκτεῖναι, ὅτι ὁ λόγος ὁ ἐμὸς οὐ χωρεῖ ἐν ὑμῖν. 38 ἃ ἐγὼ ἑώρακα παρὰ τῷ πατρὶ λαλῶ · καὶ ὑμεῖς οὖν ἃ ἠκούσατε παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς ποιεῖτε. 39 ἀπεκρίθησαν καὶ εἶπαν αὐτῷ · ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν Ἀβραάμ ἐστιν. λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς · εἰ τέκνα τοῦ Ἀβραάμ ἐστε, τὰ ἔργα τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ ἐποιεῖτε · 40 νῦν δὲ ζητεῖτέ με ἀποκτεῖναι ἄνθρωπον ὃς τὴν ἀλήθειαν ὑμῖν λελάληκα ἣν ἤκουσα παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ · τοῦτο Ἀβραὰμ οὐκ ἐποίησεν. 41 ὑμεῖς ποιεῖτε τὰ ἔργα τοῦ πατρὸς ὑμῶν. εἶπαν [οὖν] αὐτῷ · ἡμεῖς ἐκ πορνείας οὐ γεγεννήμεθα, ἕνα πατέρα ἔχομεν τὸν θεόν. 42 εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς · εἰ ὁ θεὸς πατὴρ ὑμῶν ἦν ἠγαπᾶτε ἂν ἐμέ, ἐγὼ γὰρ ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον καὶ ἥκω · οὐδὲ γὰρ ἀπʼ ἐμαυτοῦ ἐλήλυθα, ἀλλʼ ἐκεῖνός με ἀπέστειλεν. 43 διὰ τί τὴν λαλιὰν τὴν ἐμὴν οὐ γινώσκετε ; ὅτι οὐ δύνασθε ἀκούειν τὸν λόγον τὸν ἐμόν.

Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek Grammar or one you are familiar with. (skim reading a specific chapter, either sequentially or randomly, and completing it each day of the week will re-enforce foundational topics and help to move them into long term memory)

Keep Your Greek (45)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (45)
Paradigms PDF
Write out or recite the Present, Active, Imperative, of λυω – to loose

(2s) λυ ε
(3s) λυ ετω
(2p) λυ ετε
(3p) λυ ετωσαν

Write out or recite the Perfect, Middle/Passive, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
[2 1a 2]
(Ns) λελυ μενη
(Gs) λελυ μενης
(Ds) λελυ μενῃ
(As) λελυ μενην
(Np) λελυ μεναι
(Gp) λελυ μενων
(Dp) λελυ μεναις
(Ap) λελυ μενας

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for γινομαι – to become  (3 – Used 699 times in NT)

(Present Active) γινομαι
(Future Active) γενησομαι
(Aorist Active) ἐγενομην
(Perfect Active) γεγονα
(Perfect Passive) γεγενημαι
(Aorist Passive) ἐγενηθην


2 thoughts on “Keep Your Greek (45)

  1. It is amazing to see Jesus’ teachings echoed in the Epistle of the New Testament. For example, John 8:34 is similarly expressed in Romans 6:16-18 16 οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι ᾧ παριστάνετε ἑαυτοὺς δούλους εἰς ὑπακοήν, δοῦλοί ἐστε ᾧ ὑπακούετε, ἤτοι ἁμαρτίας εἰς θάνατον ἢ ὑπακοῆς εἰς δικαιοσύνην; 17 χάρις δὲ τῷ θεῷ ὅτι ἦτε δοῦλοι τῆς ἁμαρτίας ὑπηκούσατε δὲ ἐκ καρδίας εἰς ὃν παρεδόθητε τύπον διδαχῆς, 18 ἐλευθερωθέντες δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς ἁμαρτίας ἐδουλώθητε τῇ δικαιοσύνῃ· Clearly we see evidence of Jesus’ teachings echoing through the Epistles, which gives credence to the duration of His teachings and words committed to memory by His early followers and taught by the Apostles prior to the writing of the four Gospels. Romans would had been written by Paul in 53 A.D, with John’s Gospel written in or around 90 A.D. This is an example of how the Epistles can be used to verify the Gospel accounts in regards to their reliability.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Interesting. I was just listening to a lecture this past week on iTunes U where the lecturer said that Paul doesn’t directly reference Jesus’ life and ministry in his letters, but definitely captures the essence of his teaching. Your comments bear witness to this. Thank you Mahlon.


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