Keep Your Greek (28)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Present, Middle/Passive, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Neuter of λυω – to loose [2 1a 2]
(Ns)
(Gs)
(Ds)
(As)
(Np)
(Gp)
(Dp)
(Ap)

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἀκουω – to hear (6 – Used 428 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)
Excel: (28) John 6.59-6.68
PDF: (28) John 6.59-6.68

(John 6:59-68 NA28-Mounce)
59 Ταῦτα εἶπεν ἐν συναγωγῇ διδάσκων ἐν Καφαρναούμ.
60 Πολλοὶ οὖν ἀκούσαντες ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ εἶπαν · σκληρός ἐστιν ὁ λόγος οὗτος · τίς δύναται αὐτοῦ ἀκούειν ; 61 εἰδὼς δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν ἑαυτῷ ὅτι γογγύζουσιν περὶ τούτου οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς · τοῦτο ὑμᾶς σκανδαλίζει ; 62 ἐὰν οὖν θεωρῆτε τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἀναβαίνοντα ὅπου ἦν τὸ πρότερον ; 63 τὸ πνεῦμά ἐστιν τὸ ζῳοποιοῦν, ἡ σὰρξ οὐκ ὠφελεῖ οὐδέν · τὰ ῥήματα ἃ ἐγὼ λελάληκα ὑμῖν πνεῦμά ἐστιν καὶ ζωή ἐστιν. 64 ἀλλʼ εἰσὶν ἐξ ὑμῶν τινες οἳ οὐ πιστεύουσιν. *ᾔδει γὰρ ἐξ ἀρχῆς ὁ Ἰησοῦς τίνες εἰσὶν οἱ μὴ πιστεύοντες καὶ τίς ἐστιν ὁ παραδώσων αὐτόν. 65 καὶ ἔλεγεν · διὰ τοῦτο εἴρηκα ὑμῖν ὅτι οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ᾖ δεδομένον αὐτῷ ἐκ τοῦ πατρός.
66 Ἐκ τούτου πολλοὶ [ἐκ] τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ ἀπῆλθον εἰς τὰ ὀπίσω καὶ οὐκέτι μετʼ αὐτοῦ περιεπάτουν. 67 εἶπεν οὖν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοῖς δώδεκα · μὴ καὶ ὑμεῖς θέλετε ὑπάγειν ; 68 ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῷ Σίμων Πέτρος · κύριε, πρὸς τίνα ἀπελευσόμεθα ; ῥήματα ζωῆς αἰωνίου ἔχεις,

Grammar
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek Grammar or one you are familiar with. (skim reading a specific chapter, either sequentially or randomly, and completing it each day of the week will re-enforce foundational topics and help to move them into long term memory)

Keep Your Greek (28)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (28)

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Present, Middle/Passive, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s) λυ ομαι
(2s) λυ ῃ
(3s) λυ εται
(1p) λυ ομεθα
(2p) λυ εσθε
(3p) λυ ονται

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Neuter of λυω – to loose [2 1a 2]
(Ns) λυ σαμενον
(Gs) λυ σαμενου
(Ds) λυ σαμενῳ
(As) λυ σαμενον
(Np) λυ σαμενα
(Gp) λυ σαμενων
(Dp) λυ σαμενοις
(Ap) λυ σαμενα

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἀκουω – to hear (6 – Used 428 times in NT)
(Present Active) ἀκουω
(Future Active) ἀκουσω
(Aorist Active) ἠκουσα
(Perfect Active) ἀκηκοα
(Perfect Passive) ~
(Aorist Passive) ἠκουσθην

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2 thoughts on “Keep Your Greek (28)

  1. Hi Tony: I find it interesting in today’s selection that we see the appearance of each Person of the God head. Hence, the Son in John 6:62 ἐὰν οὖν θεωρῆτε τὸν υἱὸν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἀναβαίνοντα ὅπου ἦν τὸ πρότερον ; Secondly, the Person of the Spirit in John 6:63 “τὸ πνεῦμά ἐστιν τὸ ζῳοποιοῦν, ἡ σὰρξ οὐκ ὠφελεῖ οὐδέν”. Thirdly, the Person of the Father in John 6:65 καὶ ἔλεγεν · διὰ τοῦτο εἴρηκα ὑμῖν ὅτι οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ᾖ δεδομένον αὐτῷ ἐκ τοῦ πατρός. All Three Persons function in union with One another as One God to work forth Sovereignly in salvation. The people who ended up forsaking Jesus do so of their own accord, hence John 6:64a ἀλλʼ εἰσὶν ἐξ ὑμῶν τινες οἳ οὐ πιστεύουσιν. In John 6:64b we see into what appears to be a single predestinarian statement by Jesus – ᾔδει γὰρ ἐξ ἀρχῆς ὁ Ἰησοῦς τίνες εἰσὶν οἱ μὴ πιστεύοντες καὶ τίς ἐστιν ὁ παραδώσων αὐτόν. In short, all who persist in trusting in Him do so because they are choosing not to trust in Him. Jesus indicates His knowledge of who would not trust in Him, including Judas, in John 6:64b. I don’t see anything in the text that suggests anything stopping people like Judas from believing save their own fallen, unable and unwilling hearts. The elective purpose of God the Father, Son and Holy Spirit is stated positively in terms of explaining why people like Peter believed. John 6:67 is interesting: μὴ καὶ ὑμεῖς θέλετε ὑπάγειν ; The appearance of μὴ in Jesus question suggests that He was anticipating Peter to respond with a “no” answer (see Dana & Mantey pg 265)! Thus, Peter’s freely given refusal to willingly leave Jesus is credited to the simultaneous working of God’s Sovereign purposes and Peter’s freely given answer working in confluence with such purposes. John 6 is perhaps one of the best chapters to come to terms with the mystery of compatibility between God’s Sovereignty and human responsibility.

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  2. Mahlon, thank you so much for your excellent commentary on the text regarding the foundational truths of the trinity in unity and God’s Sovereignty alongside human responsibility. I could not agree more. God bless.

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