Keep Your Greek (27)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Imperfect, Active, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
(Ns)
(Gs)
(Ds)
(As)
(Np)
(Gp)
(Dp)
(Ap)

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ὁραω – to see (5 – Used 483 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)
Excel: (27) John 6.49-6.58
PDF: (27) John 6.49-6.58

(John 6:49-58 NA28-Mounce)
49 οἱ πατέρες ὑμῶν ἔφαγον ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ τὸ μάννα καὶ ἀπέθανον · 50 οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἄρτος ὁ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβαίνων, ἵνα τις ἐξ αὐτοῦ φάγῃ καὶ μὴ ἀποθάνῃ. 51 ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἄρτος ὁ ζῶν ὁ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβάς · ἐάν τις φάγῃ ἐκ τούτου τοῦ ἄρτου ζήσει εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα, καὶ ὁ ἄρτος δὲ ὃν ἐγὼ δώσω ἡ σάρξ μού ἐστιν ὑπὲρ τῆς τοῦ κόσμου ζωῆς. 52 Ἐμάχοντο οὖν πρὸς ἀλλήλους οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι λέγοντες · πῶς δύναται οὗτος ἡμῖν δοῦναι τὴν σάρκα [αὐτοῦ] φαγεῖν ; 53 εἶπεν οὖν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς · ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ἐὰν μὴ φάγητε τὴν σάρκα τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου καὶ πίητε αὐτοῦ τὸ αἷμα, οὐκ ἔχετε ζωὴν ἐν ἑαυτοῖς. 54 ὁ τρώγων μου τὴν σάρκα καὶ πίνων μου τὸ αἷμα ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον, κἀγὼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ. 55 ἡ γὰρ σάρξ μου ἀληθής ἐστιν βρῶσις, καὶ τὸ αἷμά μου ἀληθής ἐστιν πόσις. 56 ὁ τρώγων μου τὴν σάρκα καὶ πίνων μου τὸ αἷμα ἐν ἐμοὶ μένει κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ. 57 καθὼς ἀπέστειλέν με ὁ ζῶν πατὴρ κἀγὼ ζῶ διὰ τὸν πατέρα, καὶ ὁ τρώγων με κἀκεῖνος ζήσει διʼ ἐμέ. 58 οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἄρτος ὁ ἐξ οὐρανοῦ καταβάς, οὐ καθὼς ἔφαγον οἱ πατέρες καὶ ἀπέθανον · ὁ τρώγων τοῦτον τὸν ἄρτον ζήσει εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα.

Grammar
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek Grammar or one you are familiar with. (skim reading a specific chapter, either sequentially or randomly, and completing it each day of the week will re-enforce foundational topics and help to move them into long term memory)

Keep Your Greek (27)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (27)

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Imperfect, Active, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s) ἐ λυ ον
(2s) ἐ λυ ες
(3s) ἐ λυ εν
(1p) ἐ λυ ομεν
(2p) ἐ λυ ετε
(3p) ἐ λυ ον

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Feminine of λυω – to loose
(Ns) λυ σαμενη
(Gs) λυ σαμενης
(Ds) λυ σαμενῃ
(As) λυ σαμενην
(Np) λυ σαμεναι
(Gp) λυ σαμενων
(Dp) λυ σαμεναις
(Ap) λυ σαμενας

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ὁραω – to see (5 – Used 483 times in NT)
(Present Active) ὁραω
(Future Active) ὀψομαι
(Aorist Active) εἰδον
(Perfect Active) ἐωρακα
(Perfect Passive) ~
(Aorist Passive) ὠφθην

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2 thoughts on “Keep Your Greek (27)

  1. Hi Tony: I’m so enjoying the readings from John 6. John 6 stands as one of the most illuminating chapters concerning Jesus’ Person and work. I find John 6 so helpful in teaching the oft discussed issues of God’s Sovereignty and human responsibility. Jesus mentions both in the same chapter and at times in the same verse. Therein lies no conflict between both, with the language of Sovereignty describing our salvation in terms of electing, predestinating, drawing and calling and the language of human responsibility seeing the same reality in terms of believing, choosing, accepting and response. I see in the above reading another oft discussed mystery: namely the so-called “crux theologium” or the matter regarding “for whom did Christ die?” Is Jesus’ atoning work limited only to the elect, or do the boundaries of His atonement extend to every man in the world?

    Within evangelicalism, the prospect of universalism is deemed heretical, since in the final analysis it ultimately denies human free will, and thus makes everyone saved regardless. The other option of no one getting saved is rejected by simple observation and denial of God’s free offer of the Gospel and character of mercy. Thus we are left with two options: either Christ died for some and thus a definite atonement that will save all for those whom God intended to save, or Christ died for all men and thus the atonement is potentially for all men and upon its reception is made applicable.

    It seems to me that the atonement is definite in one sense and general in another. John 6:51 seems to advocate a general scope in the atonement: καὶ ὁ ἄρτος δὲ ὃν ἐγὼ δώσω ἡ σάρξ μού ἐστιν ὑπὲρ τῆς τοῦ κόσμου ζωῆς. I’ve read the fine works by A.W Pink on the various meanings of κόσμος and am aware that the term can refer to the entire human race, a specific class of men or some sort of ordered arrangement. I’m not convinced though that the term “world” is to be restricted to the specific class of men, i.e the elect. I do believe in definite atonement for sure, however I think the text here is speaking of Jesus’ atonement being in one sense general in regards to His work delaying judgment and making it possible for all men to hear and reject the Gospel.

    On the same token I see the atoning work of Jesus being definite and specific for those whom God chooses, calls and in turn respond in saving faith, as in John 6:56 ὁ τρώγων μου τὴν σάρκα καὶ πίνων μου τὸ αἷμα ἐν ἐμοὶ μένει κἀγὼ ἐν αὐτῷ. Matthew Henry, who was an advocate of definite atonement, has this to say about our text: “The manna was ordained only for the life of the Israelites, but Christ is given for the life of the world; none are excluded from the benefit of this bread, but such as exclude themselves.” He sees how in one respect, the atonement is truly for all men, and those who freely reject it exclude themselves. Then notice Henry’s avowal of the definite scope of the atonement: “Manna was given to Israel; so Christ to the spiritual Israel. There was manna enough for them all; so in Christ a fulness of grace for all believers.” All who fail to benefit from it do so because of their free rejection of it, whereas those who believe and benefit from it do so because of God’s Sovereign elective purposes at work in their seeing the Savior and responding in saving faith. We cannot begin to comprehend this tension. We can only bow at the cross and praise God for His unmerited favor in calling otherwise wretched sinners like ourselves to the Savior. Blessings Tony!

    Liked by 1 person

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