Keep Your Greek (26)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information:

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Present, Active, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s)
(2s)
(3s)
(1p)
(2p)
(3p)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Masculine of λυω – to loose
(Ns)
(Gs)
(Ds)
(As)
(Np)
(Gp)
(Dp)
(Ap)

Principal Parts:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἐρχομαι – to come (3 – Used 699 times in NT)
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)
Excel: (26) John 6.39-6.48
PDF: (26) John 6.39-6.48

(John 6:39-48 NA28-Mounce)
39 τοῦτο δέ ἐστιν τὸ θέλημα τοῦ πέμψαντός με, ἵνα πᾶν ὃ δέδωκέν μοι μὴ ἀπολέσω ἐξ αὐτοῦ, ἀλλʼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ [ἐν] τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ. 40 τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν τὸ θέλημα τοῦ πατρός μου, ἵνα πᾶς ὁ θεωρῶν τὸν υἱὸν καὶ πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον, καὶ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν ἐγὼ [ἐν] τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ. 41 Ἐγόγγυζον οὖν οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι περὶ αὐτοῦ ὅτι εἶπεν · ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἄρτος ὁ καταβὰς ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, 42 καὶ ἔλεγον · οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν Ἰησοῦς ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωσήφ, οὗ ἡμεῖς οἴδαμεν τὸν πατέρα καὶ τὴν μητέρα ; πῶς νῦν λέγει ὅτι ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ καταβέβηκα ; 43 ἀπεκρίθη Ἰησοῦς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς · μὴ γογγύζετε μετʼ ἀλλήλων. 44 οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ὁ πατὴρ ὁ πέμψας με ἑλκύσῃ αὐτόν, κἀγὼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν ἐν τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ. 45 ἔστιν γεγραμμένον ἐν τοῖς προφήταις · καὶ ἔσονται πάντες διδακτοὶ θεοῦ · πᾶς ὁ ἀκούσας παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ μαθὼν ἔρχεται πρὸς ἐμέ. 46 οὐχ ὅτι τὸν πατέρα ἑώρακέν τις εἰ μὴ ὁ ὢν παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ, οὗτος ἑώρακεν τὸν πατέρα. 47 ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ὁ πιστεύων ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον. 48 Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἄρτος τῆς ζωῆς.

Grammar
Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek Grammar or one you are familiar with. (skim reading a specific chapter, either sequentially or randomly, and completing it each day of the week will re-enforce foundational topics and help to move them into long term memory)

Keep Your Greek (26)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (26)

Paradigms:
Write out or recite the Present, Active, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s) λυ ω
(2s) λυ εις
(3s) λυ ει
(1p) λυ ομεν
(2p) λυ ετε
(3p) λυ ουσι(ν)

Write out or recite the 1st Aorist, Middle, Participle, Masculine of λυω – to loose
(Ns) λυ σαμενος
(Gs) λυ σαμενου
(Ds) λυ σαμενῳ
(As) λυ σαμενον
(Np) λυ σαμενοι
(Gp) λυ σαμενων
(Dp) λυ σαμενοις
(Ap) λυ σαμενους

Principal Parts – Top 20 by Word Frequency:
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἐρχομαι – to come (3 – Used 699 times in NT)
(Present Active) ἐρχομαι
(Future Active) ἐλευσομαι
(Aorist Active) ἠλθον
(Perfect Active) ἐληλυθα
(Perfect Passive) ~
(Aorist Passive) ~

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2 thoughts on “Keep Your Greek (26)

  1. Hi Tony: We find the statement: “ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ [ἐν] τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ” repeated by Jesus three times throughout this pericope (6:39,40,44). The point Jesus is making is two-fold: a). The Father’s Divine elective purposes of grace ensure the resurrection of each redeemed person and thus the Christian’s perseverance; b). The resurrection of the righteous at the end of all things is an already/not yet reality, and thus is decreed by God as the prime factor in His elective purposes. God’s Sovereign elective purposes stretching from eternity into present and from the future end point back to the present. To put it another way, God’s unconditional elective decree is predicated on two, not just one foundation: a). His eternal decree before the foundation of the world (see Ephesians 1:3-5) and b). The resurrection of the dead at the end of the age that He decreed, in which He knows each and every redeemed person who is raised unto righteousness and immortality (see Daniel 12; 1 Corinthians 15:51-57). John 6:44 highlights the Father’s elective purpose: οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ὁ πατὴρ ὁ πέμψας με ἑλκύσῃ αὐτόν.

    As always, we must assert that God’s elective purpose never conflicts with the Bible’s teaching on the response of the sinner to the call of Christ. In John 6:40 Jesus tells us who are the proper candidates for salvation: ἵνα πᾶς ὁ θεωρῶν τὸν υἱὸν καὶ πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον. In John 6:47 we see the response of saving faith – ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ὁ πιστεύων ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον. Saving faith is described in scripture as a Divine gifting from God (Ephesians 2:8-9; James 1:18)that turns into a decision of trust by the sinner duly called by the Holy Spirit in salvation (John 1:12-13) Theologian B.B Warfield has best described this mystery of Sovereignty and Human responsibility by the term “confluence”, which describes how a lesser body of water flows within a great body of water (like the gulf stream that flows from the Gulf of Mexico towards the Atlantic Ocean). .

    We could summarize Jesus’ teaching here in John 6 with two questions that accurately describe salvation: 1). What must a person do to be saved? John 6:47b ὁ πιστεύων ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον. 2). Why does anyone believe on the Lord Jesus Christ? John 6:44 οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός με ἐὰν μὴ ὁ πατὴρ ὁ πέμψας με ἑλκύσῃ αὐτόν.

    Liked by 1 person

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