Keep Your Greek (12)

Encouragement, Comments & Other Information

Write out or recite the Pluperfect, Middle/Passive, Indicative, of λυω – to loose

Principal Parts
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἀκουω – to hear
(Present Active)
(Future Active)
(Aorist Active)
(Perfect Active)
(Perfect Passive)
(Aorist Passive)

Greek Reading and Translation
Each day read through the 10 verses below and translate each of them over the coming week. (To assist with your translation you can work directly in an Excel spreadsheet or print off a PDF copy for handwritten translations)
Excel: (12) John 3.35-4.8
PDF: (12) John 3.35-4.8

(Jn 3:35-4:8 NA28-Mounce)
35 ὁ πατὴρ ἀγαπᾷ τὸν υἱὸν καὶ πάντα δέδωκεν ἐν τῇ χειρὶ αὐτοῦ. 36 ὁ πιστεύων εἰς τὸν υἱὸν ἔχει ζωὴν αἰώνιον · ὁ δὲ ἀπειθῶν τῷ υἱῷ οὐκ ὄψεται ζωήν, ἀλλʼ ἡ ὀργὴ τοῦ θεοῦ μένει ἐπʼ αὐτόν. 1 Ὡς οὖν ἔγνω ὁ Ἰησοῦς ὅτι ἤκουσαν οἱ Φαρισαῖοι ὅτι Ἰησοῦς πλείονας μαθητὰς ποιεῖ καὶ βαπτίζει ἢ Ἰωάννης 2 — καίτοιγε Ἰησοῦς αὐτὸς οὐκ ἐβάπτιζεν ἀλλʼ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ — 3 ἀφῆκεν τὴν Ἰουδαίαν καὶ ἀπῆλθεν πάλιν εἰς τὴν Γαλιλαίαν. 4 Ἔδει δὲ αὐτὸν διέρχεσθαι διὰ τῆς Σαμαρείας. 5 ἔρχεται οὖν εἰς πόλιν τῆς Σαμαρείας λεγομένην Συχὰρ πλησίον τοῦ χωρίου ὃ ἔδωκεν Ἰακὼβ [τῷ] Ἰωσὴφ τῷ υἱῷ αὐτοῦ · 6 ἦν δὲ ἐκεῖ πηγὴ τοῦ Ἰακώβ. ὁ οὖν Ἰησοῦς κεκοπιακὼς ἐκ τῆς ὁδοιπορίας ἐκαθέζετο οὕτως ἐπὶ τῇ πηγῇ · ὥρα ἦν ὡς ἕκτη. 7 ἔρχεται γυνὴ ἐκ τῆς Σαμαρείας ἀντλῆσαι ὕδωρ. λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς · δός μοι πεῖν · 8 οἱ γὰρ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ ἀπεληλύθεισαν εἰς τὴν πόλιν ἵνα τροφὰς ἀγοράσωσιν.


Each day this week, skim read through a chapter of your first Greek Grammar or one you are familiar with. (skim reading a specific chapter, either sequentially or randomly, and completing it each day of the week will re-enforce foundational topics and help to move them into long term memory)

Keep Your Greek (12)
Continue reading for Quiz answers.

Answers to Keep Your Greek (12)

Write out or recite the Pluperfect, Middle/Passive, Indicative, of λυω – to loose
(1s) (ἐ)λελυ μην
(2s) (ἐ)λελυ σο
(3s) (ἐ)λελυ το
(1p) (ἐ)λελυ μεθα
(2p) (ἐ)λελυ σθε
(3p) (ἐ)λελυ ντο

Principal Parts
Write out or recite the principal parts for ἀκουω – to hear
(Present Active) ἀκουω
(Future Active) ἀκουσω
(Aorist Active) ἠκουσα
(Perfect Active) ἀκηκοα
(Perfect Passive) ~
(Aorist Passive) ἠκουσθην


2 thoughts on “Keep Your Greek (12)

  1. Hi Tony:

    As always, I enjoy your posts. I found it interesting that you had the pluperfect mid/pass as the main parsing, being that in the reading, John 4:8 features the 2nd pluperfect, active, indicative third plural verb ἀπεληλύθεισαν from απερχομαι. When I first looked at this verb, I immediately thought of it being an aorist passive participle, however the augmented “ε” and the reduplication told me that it had to be something else. The “ει” morpheme forced me to try to remember my paradigms. Mounce’s grammar reminded me that ερχομαι in the perfect is a second perfect, and so I assumed that it must be a second pluperfect (missing the tell-tale kappa). Anyhow the disciples’ action of having already left to buy some food prior to Jesus’ arrival at Samaria serves as background information.

    I’m not sure if you have ever listened to Dr. Robert Plummer’s “Daily Dose of Greek” video podcasts on vimeo. He is a Greek prof that has produced two-minute videos featuring exegesis of a verse a day. Earlier on in his series, Dr. Plummer did some video lectures through David Alan Black’s Greek Grammar. I binged watched his lectures and they really helped me polish up on my Greek and get updated on some areas that I had learned 20 years ago. His stuff on verbal aspect has enabled me to get up to speed on the latest discussions in that area.

    One of the last video lectures featured the pluperfect and his remarks on 1st and 2nd pluperfects and 1st and 2nd perfects really helped me in recalling things in my remarks above. Anyhow you most likely know about the resource. I figured maybe your readers could benefit from it. Keep up the good work and blessings!


  2. Hi Mahlon, it really is a co-incidence regarding the Pluperfect in this post as the order I’m following is the way we learned them. I have watched a lot of Dr Plummer’s videos but have not seen the ones regarding David Allan Black’s grammar. I’ll go and have a look and place a link to them as part of the resources on this blog.

    Thanks again friend.

    Liked by 1 person

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